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How to Write an Argumentative Essay on any Topic

What is an Argumentative essay?

An Argumentative essay is an essay on any topic in which you discuss some opinions for and against your assertion about the debating issue, i.e. PRO and CON points.

An effective argument essay must contain certain elements that will persuade your audience to see things from your perspective. During your essay planning, it’s important to consider strong arguments for the other side to shoot them down.

Choosing a topic for argumentative essay


In order to write a good essay, first of all you need to find an awesome topic that is interesting and compelling at the same time, so you can easily demonstrate your writing skills and finally get a high grade without thinking too much.

One of the best ways to find a topic for an argumentative essay is to perform a search for topics related to some compelling subject, like politics, religion, abortion, education or home life.

Using the following links, you can find a lot of good topics for your Argumentative essay:

200 Prompts for Argumentative Writing
50 Argument Essay Topics
100 Argument or Position Essay Topics
80 Really Good Argumentative/ Persuasive Essay Topics



Argumentative essay structure

Considering the right structure for your essay is one of the key points of success.
Sticking to a recommended essay structure is the only way to properly outline and write it, paragraph by paragraph from the introduction to conclusion, without mistakes.

An argumentative essay is organized according to one of these five patterns: Pro-Con pattern, Con-Pro pattern, 3-Con pattern, Claim / Counterclaim pattern or Alternating pattern.


PRO-CON pattern

 
In this simple pattern for an argumentative essay, you discuss two PRO points and one CON point.

Recommended for short school essays on any topic.

This pattern contains five paragraphs: introduction, conclusion, and three paragraphs, one for each PRO or CON point.


CON-PRO pattern

 
This pattern for an argumentative essay is very similar to the previous one, but the CON point comes first.

Recommended for short school essays on any topic.

The pattern contains five paragraphs: introduction, conclusion, and three paragraphs, one for each PRO or CON point.


3-CON pattern

 
In this pattern for an argumentative essay you don’t explicitly present any PRO point, but instead refute three CON points.

Recommended for short school essays on any topic.

The pattern contains five paragraphs: introduction, conclusion, and three paragraphs, one for each CON point.


Claim / Counterclaim
pattern

 
This pattern for an argumentative essay is more advanced than the previous three, and allows for a more complete development of your argumentation.

Recommended for advanced school and college essays on any topic.

The pattern contains introduction, conclusion, and two body parts.
In three paragraphs of the first body part, you refute or rebut three points for the counterclaim.
In three paragraphs of the second body part, you provide three points supporting your claim.


Alternating pattern

 
This pattern for an argumentative essay provides another structure for claim and counterclaim discussion.

Recommended for advanced school and college essays on any topic.

The pattern contains introduction, conclusion, and three body parts.
In two paragraphs of each body part, you refute or rebut one point for the counterclaim and provide one point supporting your claim.
Did you choose an argumentative essay pattern? Great! Now...
Write an argumentative essay that rocks!
After choosing an essay pattern, now all you need is to write an argumentative essay, on any topic, according to your pattern’s structure.
Also, be sure to read the A+ writing tips for an argumentative essay on any topic below. Follow these instructions and you will write a high grading argumentative essay.

Writing an A+ Argumentative essay

Introduction

In an argumentative essay, the introduction is very important. It gives the reader his/her first impression of an argumentative essay.

Start with a short background

Every pet owner knows that there are enormous responsibilities that go along with having a cat or dog. You must feed and exercise your pet, to keep it physically healthy; you must play with it, and keep it emotionally healthy too. You have to keep it safe from cars, people, or other animals, and you ought to protect other people, property, or pets from your own animal.

Introduce the debated question / issue

There’s another responsibility that not all pet owners think about, however: spaying or neutering, or “fixing.” What does “fixing” you pet mean? Simply put, it means taking your pet to the vet for a quick, cheap surgery that will prevent your pet from ever becoming a mother or father.

Explain why it’s important

This surgery solves problems that pet owners know about, and some that they might not have considered before.

State your position

In fact, I believe that all pet owners should be required to have their pets fixed.



Counterclaim refutation paragraph

Clearly state the point

Spaying surgery is expensive.
Spaying surgery is risky.


Persuasively refute or rebut the point using evidence
(logical explanation, facts, statistics, well-known authority opinions)


To refute the point is to prove it is incorrect:

Almost all cities have a fund to help pay for the surgery. Just ask your vet or the local S.P.C.A. (Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals). The cost can be as low as $10.

To rebut the point is to prove that it is irrelevant or not powerful enough.

Spaying or neutering when your pet is young and healthy is almost 100% safe.
On other hand, your animal is in much more danger if it is not fixed, for the urge to run away from home will put your pet in extremely dangerous situations.


Turn this point to the opposite point, thus supporting your thesis

Therefore, there is no way we can agree with this point. Spaying or neutering should be done as soon as you get your pet.



Claim supporting paragraph

Clearly state the point

Spaying is good for the health of your pet.

Provide the supporting evidents (logical explanation, facts, statistics, well-known authority opinions)

Animals who are not fixed can sometimes go crazy trying to find mates. They can injure themselves trying to escape from their homes, or they may fight with other animals when they have escaped. Of course, while running free, they are in danger from cars. And finally, for females who become mothers, we must remember that giving birth is not a safe process.

Restate the argument as a proved thesis

For the ordinary pet owner, all these reasons should be strong enough to convince them to “fix” their dear pet.

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Conclusion

The conclusion of an argumentative essay is just as important as the introduction. The conclusion seals the essay and tries to close the issue. Conclusion is the last part of the essay that your reader will experience.

Restate (do not repeat) your claim

No matter how you look at it, there’s really no valid reason not to spay or neuter your pet.

Briefly recount the arguments

Whether you consider the potential suffering of unborn animals, the health and comfort of your own pet, or your own convenience as a pet owner, you must agree that the facts all show that spaying or neutering is the way to go.


End by showing the importance of your conclusion

It’s not only the convenient choice, but also the morally right choice, and one that all pet owners should make.

Finalizing your work

Pay attention that even though your essay is fully written, it still isn’t ready to submission.
There are some common and annoying mistakes which may significantly harm your grade. However, you can avoid those grade lowering mistakes by completing the following checklist:

  • Check spelling and grammar
  • Ensure that your essay is fully compliant with the required formatting standard
  • Properly organize all the citations and the References / Works Cited page
  • Ensure that your title page is done as required
  • Take a final look at your paper to be certain that everything is indeed fine
More sCoolWork Essay Writing Guide articles:
How to Write an Essay in 6 Simple Steps How to Write a Descriptive Essay on any Topic
How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay on any Topic Seven Works Cited MLA Mistakes You Should Avoid
How to write an A+ Comparison essay
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